报告人：Arnaud De La Fortelle教授
报告1题目：Intelligent transportation, from information exchange to cooperation, a survey of technical changes and their impacts
Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) have proven efficient in many areas, especially in urban areas. Mainly relying on information exchanges, ITS have enhanced the efficiency of the physical transportation systems, by optimizing the way people use the transportation network (better multimodality, better use of public transport, dematerialized ticketing...). Now, this evolution continues as information exchanges are made always easier and cheaper, using ubiquitous Internet: data has become Big Data, information is in the cloud, and there are many application to that, leading to new services (e.g. Uber); another move is that information comes also from numerous sensors, information can control things, things sense, compute and act (Inter of Things), and finally things are emerging as robots (home robotics, automated vehicles...). So the system grows now to become a more and more robotized system. And all this is to enhance the system, so that we want to use these new abilities to develop a Cooperative ITS. This presentation will give an overview of recent works in the emergence of this new king of ITS. However there are some fears this system is not what we really want (lack of privacy, lack of decision capabilities...). Therefore the presentation will also offer some thought about the impact of such a system and the challenges of its deployment.
报告2题目：Theoretical and practical tools for cooperative ITS
We assume the audience attended the first general presentation. From the knowledge of the general architecture of future Cooperative ITS (C-ITS), we will present several practical and theoretical challenges. A practical challenge is typically to test C-ITS functionalities, like automated vehicles (or cybercars): aside the hardware preparation, setting up a complete system is itself a challenge. Few teams in the world are finally able to run automated cars because it requires lots of know-how, an important budget and a stability for years. So we will present the Inria cybercars and what was done with it.
Once cars are on the road, there are immediately practical questions:
What to do? What are the goals? What if I have more than 1 vehicle? How to be sure the system is safe? And this leads to theoretical question, that are very difficult because problems are not necessarily simple (it is not a mathematical conjecture). Therefore the presentation will show how we can model some of these questions (keeping in mind a complete solution has to be consistent), the mathematical tools that we developed and some perspectives.
Prof. Arnaud de La Fortelle is both director of the Mines ParisTech robotics lab (CAOR) and of the Joint Research Unit LaRA (La Route Automatisée). He has a Ph.D. in Applied Mathematics and engineer degrees from the French ?cole Polytechnique and ?cole des Ponts et Chaussées. He managed for LaRA several French and European projects (Puvame, Prevent/Intersafe, REACT, COM2 REACT…) and has been coordinator of the European project GeoNet and of the French project AROS. He has been elected in 2009 to the Board of Governors of IEEE ITSS (Intelligent Transportation System Society). He is also member of the Board of the French SIA (Automotive Engineers Society). He has been member of several technical program committees for conferences and is vice-president of the French ANR evaluation committee sustainable transport and mobility.
Arnaud de La Fortelle first studies theoretical properties of probability distributions (large deviations) with application to queuing networks (1997-2003). He then applies this knowledge to vehicle networks with a special focus for cybercars (2003-2005). At the same time, he begins to manage projects and part of the team IMARA at INRIA, and then also at Mines ParisTech. He becomes director of the joint research unit LaRA (the automated road) between INRIA and Mines ParisTech in 2006. He moves to Mines ParisTech in 2006 (keeping managerial responsibilities at INRIA) where he becomes director of the Robotics Lab (CAOR) in 2008. During that period, he investigates communications for cooperative systems and the architecture needed in distributed systems. While keeping some teaching and fundamental research in probability theory, his main topic of interest is now cooperative systems (communication, data distribution, control, mathematical certification) and their applications (e.g. Cybercars, collective taxis).